What is phonemic awareness? It is the ability to identify and manipulate the sounds in words. These individual sounds are called phonemes. Also important is the ability to match a phoneme to its corresponding grapheme. A grapheme is the letter or small group of letters (e.g. /ai/ as in train and /igh/ as in night) that represent a sound.
More familiar to many of us is the term ‘phonics.’ Phonics is the process of teaching children to correlate sounds (phonemes) with their corresponding letters or letter groups.